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High blood pressure (hypertension)

Hypertension (high blood pressure)

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is about twice as common in people who have diabetes as in those without the disease. Controlling hypertension in diabetes is important because it can accelerate complications.

For those with kidney disease, it is essential to maintain a low normal blood pressure. Controlling blood pressure is also imperative in reducing the risk of stroke, heart and kidney failure.

It remains, together with not smoking, and control of glucose and cholesterol levels, one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular events in diabetes. There is substantial evidence of the benefits of some blood pressure controlling drugs in preventing cardiovascular events in diabetes even when the blood pressure is not high and most guidelines would support their use in all people with diabetes.

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